pharaoh-s-crown

Pharaoh’s crown and the Hero of the primitive sea

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            Pharaoh’s crown and the Hero of the primitive sea

pharaoh-s-crown

Pharaoh’s crown and the hero of the primitive sea

What surprises me a lot is that hardly anyone has questions or answers on the crown of the pharaohs, while these crowns not only had the reputation of having magical properties but none of them have been discovered so far…no crowns has survived ! They are known only from statuary, depictions, inscriptions on frescoes. A dead pharaoh was never seen bearing it …it’s one of the Egyptian mysteries of which I like to devote time and a lot of research.

Horus with the pschent

Horus with the pschent

If you look at the Pschent: the Double Crown of Ancient Egypt, also named the « Sekhemti »(the Two Powerful Ones) you can’t not ask yourself about their strange shape. Why this peculiar shape ? We just know that it is very ancient : First Dynasty pharaoh Djet had one. A rock inscription shows his Horus wearing it and we also know that the Cairo fragment shows the prehistoric rulers of the king list on the Palermo stone, wearing the Pschent. So it is a very ancient artefact linked to the Pharaoh since the dawn of time.

Now to may be understand better the shape of the crowns, I invite you to a very special adventure: trying to see and to think like would do a very ancient Egyptian … And to do that, we must remember above all that the very ancient Egyptians were very connected to Nature and in an unprecedented way in harmony with it (This is another research of mine that you will see soon). So back to the crowns and let us try to think like a very ancient Egyptian with a high purity of mind, an original simplicity in harmony with Nature.

                              The Ancient Egyptians and Nature

duat

Duat

Much of their inspiration came from nature itself and for example to portray thered_ sea_ star « duat » ( The subterranean world ) they used a hieroglyph of a five-pointed star  because it has the mathematics of the precession embedded in it. It is showing the great cycles of the planet reminding us the times to go underground to seek shelter. The little star taken on the exact model of the starfish with thin branches that is found in the Red Sea…and there are many other examples of their scripture inspired by contemplation of nature and their amazing knowledge in sciences…

For that reason I must tell you about some sea animals : translucent and in shape of a flat tiare: Beroidae, Beroe. The species of Beroids from the large family of Ctenophore. They are found in all the world’s oceans and seas.

                                              The Pharaoh : the  bearer of Light

bernois_ctenophora

And Ctenophore, from the Greek κτείς kteis “comb” and Greek suffix –ctenophoraφορος,φέρω, “PHERO” (to carry); commonly known as comb jellies are very interesting for us in this topic of the crowns. You already see there that Ctenophore has a link with the word : « Pharaoh » because their original name is coming from φέρω, pherō : « carry », « the bearer » very close to Ancient Greek φαραώ Pharaō and egyptian Pra-A :pr (“house”) + ˤ3 (“great, big”) : great house, to named the ruling pharaoh and then Late Latin PharaōCtenophora

The Pharaoh was in his every day life surrounded at all times by standard and sandale bearers who were actually his private secretary and scribe at his left. And on his right by: the feather fan bearer, (these three functions being very important and hereditary at the court involving a very close relationship, personal with the king). And Pharaoh was mainly for the Ancient Egyptians the Bearer of  the Light, the wearer of the crown of the Supreme Power. And with this very ancient crown, Pharaoh was supposed to give : life, regeneration, light as well protection against natural disasters such as floods, drought, famine to all his country and population by his privileged link to the Divine.

                                                     The Hero of the Primitive sea

bernoisIt is interesting also to know that Ctenophores have photocytes that produce bioluminescence, they are thus bearer of light.  Adults can regenerate tissues that are damaged or removed and they are capable of increasing their populations very quickly giving thus life regeneration and life . And their coastal species are tough enough to wisthstand waves of big floods and swirling sediments particles.

apte_crown

Atef crown

 They are very, very old too : Fossils thought to represent ctenophores have been found as far back as the early Cambrian, about 515 million years agoCtenophores are from Beroida order of the Beroidae family of the specie of Beroe. They are the ones in shape of a flat tiare, of the Pharaoh’s crown, mainly as his white crown but also as his Atef crown.

What is interesting too, if we seek in mythology: Aphrodite and Adonis had two children: a son Golgos and a daughter Beroe (Greek: Βερόη) a nymph of Beirut in Phoenicia (modern Lebanon) and founder of Beroea in Thrace, and her father: Adonis was identified with Osiris ! 

And we know also that at the birth of Beroe, Hermes acted as the midwife and assisted in her birth !! We learn that this is a very ancient tale because text says : « The girl was bathed by the four Aetai (Winds), which ride through all cities to fill the whole earth with her precepts . Okeanos (Ocean), first messenger of the laws for the newborn child, sent his flood for the child bed round the loins of the world, pouring his girdle of water in an ever flowing belt. » and : « Here (the city of Beroe) which emerged at the very creation of the universe ( …)And these dwelt in the city of Beroe, that primordial seat which Kronos ( the god of the time) himself builded . . . O Beroe, root of life, nurse of cities, the boast of princes, the first city seen… » (Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41. 51 ff ).

And the city of Beroe was also called Thebes: the “Seven-Gated Thebes” (Θῆβαι ἑπτάπυλοι, Thebai heptapyloi) (Iliad,IV.406) in connection with the “Hundred-Gated Thebes” (Θῆβαι ἑκατόμπυλοι,Thebai hekatompyloi) in Egypt (Iliad, IX.383)…

narmer_with_white_crown

Narmer with white crown

And if the word beroe is also linked to the words : orbis (round circle in latin),orbe, sphere ,orbit , the cone-shaped Beroïds are considered to be part of the first inhabitants of the planet without eyes, enabling evolution towards rudimental eye or complex eyes in different species of comb Jellies. 

bernois

B eroid

This is leading us to the rudimental « eye » in the human brain : the Phtà (linked to the word : ophtalmos : ὀφθαλμός, ophthalmós (« eye ») ), the all seing eye, ( the pineal gland), the Phtà that Iamblichus (c.245-c.325 AD) is writing about in his book: « Mysteriis Aegyptiorum » as the creative intellect : the Lord of the truth and knowledge, the Phtà that will become Ptah…. all the past and all secrets are in the words and sounds. For that knowing ancient languages is very important when you wish to understand Human History. And these languages are not dead at all ! They are our archives to understand Life and our Past and Future. They are our bearers of Light , light is the bearer of information ! …That was a long journey from the origins for the most sacred artefact of Egypt.

Text: by Antoine Gigal,Text & cover©®AntoineGigal2015 & UpdatedText©®AntoineGigal-2020                                   – All rights reserved.

References :
  • * Ruppert, E.E., Fox, R.S., and Barnes, R.D. (2004). Invertebrate Zoology (7 ed.). Brooks/ Cole. pp. 182–195. ISBN 0-03-025982-7.
  • * Welch,Victoria; Vigneron, J. P.; Lousse, V.; Parker, A. (2006). “Optical properties of the iridescent organ of the comb-jellyfish Beroe cucumis (Ctenophora)” (PDF). Physical Review E 73 (4): 41916–7.Bibcode:2006PhRvE..73d1916W. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.73.041916.
  • * Tang, F.; Bengtson, S.; Wang, Y.; Wang, X. L.; Yin, C. Y.(2011). “Eoandromeda and the origin of Ctenophora”. Evolution & Development 13 (5): 408.doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2011.00499.x
  • * Russell Coulter,Charles ; Urner Patricia ;
  • * Nonnus, Dionysiaca ‘&.155ff (trans.Rouse) Greek Epic C5h AD -Birth of Beroe
  • * William Wiliams ; Cambridge 1789; Primitive History from the Creation to Cadmus
  • * Carl Zimmer , 12/2013 The Loom ; in-search-of-the-first-animals.
  • *Iamblicus, ed.des Places, Paris 1966 : De mysteriis Aegyptiorum
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